A Congratulation Message to journalists without fear or favor around the world
3 May, 2020
Today, the 3rd of May is World Press Freedom Day. It is also a time of unprecedented to the world’s most infectious disease COVID-19 and in the meantime of this period of a fierce war for both the world and Myanmar.
We cannot ignore the role of journalists
around the world. On the other hand, role of misinformation and disinformation
can even make many people suffered till their death.
It is a time of crisis in every part
of the world, as journalists have to struggle day and night to keep us up with
the news. However, some journalists had to face reduction, termination of
employment, get arrested, and many more threats.
In such a situation in the world,
journalists around the world could overcome all the struggles we all world
citizens had faced by keeping freedom of expressions and unwavering ethical
commitment without fear of or favour from people in power.
Due to the global pandemic, journalists are trying their best to give the public the truth news by risky their own life. PEN Myanmar pays homage to those journalists in honor of World Press Freedom Day.
Statement of PEN Myanmar (3/2020)
17th of April 2020, Yangon, Myanmar
Encouraging the prevention of Fake News, Misinformation, Disinformation and Hate Speech
- We can see there is a lot of fake news, misinformation, disinformation, and scams about the disclosures of the Global Pandemic of COVID-19. In addition to addressing issues related to Pandemic, we also find discrimination of the hate speech in terms of/among race, ethnicity, political and sexual orientations which were also mentioned. Besides, discrimination against health workers and volunteers were also reported.
- Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, states that: Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression. It is a responsibility and the responsibility of other’s Rights, Integrity, Public Safety; Agreements and contracts are explicitly defined in which International standards must be followed to avoid harm to health and harmony.
- Therefore, PEN Myanmar strongly urged for regarding fake news, misinformation, disinformation, and scams about the Global Pandemic of COVID-19 where everyone should be careful about Hate Speech and Harmful words and we should only share the correct information. We should not believe the news easily and it should be checked by the source of the news and authorities who release information: Armed Groups and relevant organization should publish information in a timely and accurate manner and use our rights to freedom of expression where we should fight against the danger of hate speech, misinformation and fake news.
PEN Myanmar Center
Statement of PEN Myanmar (2/2020)
1st of April 2020, Yangon, Myanmar
Encouraging the implementation of the media law
March 30 in the evening, it is reported that U Nay Lin @ U Nay Myo Lin, the
editor-in-chief and CEO of Voice of Myanmar (VOM) website, was brought in to
interview by people in charge from Criminal Investigation Department (CID). It
was heard that U Nay Lin @ U Nay Myo Lin has been charged under Articles 50 (a)
and 52(a) of the Counter-terrorism Law for the inclusion and publishing of news
about Arakan Army (AA) and interviews of AA spokesperson Khine Thu Kha. In the
same incident, U Khine Mrat Kyaw, the editor-in-chief of Narinjara New Agency
based Rakhine State and Myanmar Press Council’s member, also have been sued
under Articles 50(a) and 52(a) of the Counter-terrorism Law. On March 31
evening, police visited the residence of U Hline Thit Zin Wai, the
editor-in-chief of the Yangon Khitthit News and Myanmar Press Council 2nd Secretary,
where police have conducted personal checks and property inspections.
to Media Code of Conduct by Myanmar Press Council Chapter 1: Accuracy, balance
and fairness sub-section 1.1 it says “Media outlets have a duty to be balanced,
impartial and fair in the treatment of news and current affairs. This implies
that media outlets report and interpret news and current affairs honestly, and
take care not publish or broadcast content which is inaccurate or distorted, or
which may mislead or confuse readers, viewers or listeners”.
2014 News Media Law it defined as Chapter 4: Duties and Code of Conduct to be
complied by the Newsmen Section 9(a) “Scrutiny of completing as much as they
can and preciseness and correctness on every information” and Section 9 (i)
“Compliance with code of conduct and term issued by Myanmar News Media Council”
along with Chapter 8: Action Section 21. “In case of damaged or aggrieved
department, organization or person breaching the provision of the duties and
code of conduct of section 9, sub‐sections b, d, f, g, initial complain shall
be to the council”.
the statement released (11/2020) from Myanmar Press Council on March 31 also
urged to report first to them if they are dissatisfied according to the News
Media Law. In the statement issued of journalist’s sanctions by PEN Myanmar
also strongly approach to report first if they were not satisfied corresponding
to the News Media Law.
practicing freedom of the press and to encourage journalists who are acting in
a fair and balanced manner in accordance with Chapter 1: article 1.1 of Media
Code of Conduct. If there is a dispute over reporting of journalist, we urge
the relevant authorities to first report to Myanmar Press Council under the
News Media Law.
You can contact Han Zaw, Director
Ph.no: +95 9443081350
PEN MYANMAR CENTER
Statement of PEN Myanmar (1/2020)
28th of January 2020, Yangon, Myanmar
Urging to review of actions that impede freedom of speech and expression
1. Advocate, U Kyee Myint, U Nay Myo
Zin and poet Saw Wai, member of PEN Myanmar, preached to the people in
Kawthaung for supporting of the Union of Myanmar Constitutional Amendment Joint
Committee’s (2018) which is organized by the order of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Office
No. (15/2019) on April 3, 2019.
2. Lieutenant Colonel Zaw Zaw, from
the Coast Guard’s Division (Sa Ka Kha-20), filed the case with criminal code
(923) against the speakers because the preaching abases the military’s
reputation. The court has taken action under section 505 (a).
3. PEN Myanmar is an organization
of promoting and preventing the right to have freedom of speech and expression.
Poet, Saw Wai is one of the elected directors of PEN Myanmar from the start of
December of 2019.
4. It was significant that
prosecuting the public with notices of a constitutional amendment does not
improve the reputation of the military. PEN recognizes that an organization’s
integrity can be enhanced only when it protects the right to freedom of
5. Regarding the complaint of Lieutenant
Colonel Zaw Zaw, it was found that the actions of the court are inconsistent
with the existing laws.
6. It was found that the warrants
for the poet, Saw Wai without legal notice were illegal, and the taking actions
to the advocate, U Kyee Myint was also illegal.
7. We urge the respective authorities to review the actions of judiciary which promoting the rule of law.
PEN Myanmar Center
of PEN Myanmar (5/2019)
28th of December 2019, Yangon, Myanmar
to two youth activists who brilliantly protect freedom of expression
police charged against Ko Pawlu and Seng Nu Pan under Article 19 of Peaceful
Assembly Law for their street performance on June 10, 2019 marking eighth
anniversary of the renewal of armed conflict between Myanmar military and
Kachin Independent Army after 17-year of ceasefire.
their performance, Ko Pawlu and Seng Nu Pan expressed hardship of internal
displaced persons including foods and shelters for them, and they called for
the unimpeded passage of humanitarian access, dignified return of the IDPs and
end of war.
September 2, 2019, the Myitkyina Township Court sentenced Ko Pawlu and Seng Nu
Pan to pay K30,000 or 15-day imprisonment and the two youth activists chose the
township judge filed another lawsuit against Ko Pawlu at the Myitkyina Township
Court under Article 228 of insulting and disresepecting the court after Ko
Pawlu giving him a broken scales. On September 6, a judge sentenced Ko Pawlu
additional three-month prison term.
the freedom of expression, every individual has rights to express his or her
opinions about others including politics which are issues of public importance.
Everyone can express such issues by speech or print or drama performance.
6. By practicing freedom of expression, Ko Pawlu and Seng Nu Pan, youth activists, brilliantly held a drama performance which reflected the consequences of the conflict being faced by Kachin people. PEN Myanmar has awarded to them as individuals who brilliantly protect the freedom of expression for 2019 since thet had stood courageously on their belief by taking risks.
PEN Myanmar Center